Home to the Story of South African Jazz
King Kong – our knot of time and music by Pat Williams
The iconic 1950s King Kong all African Jazz Opera comes back to life with a new book and production.
At the age of 85, author Pat Williams is one of the last survivors of King Kong, the African Jazz Opera that became a smash-hit in 1959 and South Africa's most popular musical of all time. At the age of 23, and a journalist on the Rand Daily Mail, she had the tremendous fortune of contributing the lyrics to the production.Her book is a collection of personal memoires, amusing stories, disappointments and quotations on the topic from other sources.
Pat Williams Interview
Eric Abraham the producer is the lynchpin of the whole show opened every single door that has brought the show to where it is now, but he had several tries before and putting things together which for one reason or another didn't work – because that is show business.
He suggested I write the book because I was saying some people have just disappeared from the story and some things are not as I remember them – so he said write a book it will set the record straight. I said I can't write a factual documentary type book because it is too complex and I don't have the resources to go and do all that research, I'll write a memoire. With every time it looked as though the show will go on I would pick up the book and write some and then it didn't go on. And I would stop and then wait a year and then it would look like it was on again so I would pick it up again, so I wrote it in bursts in between. From burst to last burst was 6 years.
It is very hard to write when you are at 86, one should get writing early.
King Kong is an extraordinary experience to be given that young. If you asked anybody connected with the show they would say the same thing. For every single person was an absolutely unique experience. And also it was this shared collective experience and full of life lessons and energy from the start. It was a phenomenon that was almost impersonal. We were very lucky to be the people who were there at that moment when it could happen and did.
I continued as a journalist and wrote a couple of pseudonymous books which are still pseudonymous because they were novels and I decided they could go out under another name. And then I trained as a psychotherapist because I had always been a science. On the Cape Times when I was young I had a science column because it was a way of educating myself about science which I knew nothing. I always had that thread of interest in my life. And I was interested in psychology and I come from a medical family anyway. At a certain point I thought let me think about this because it is also something you can do into your 90s, at home sitting down.
King Kong is the most astonishing story because it just keeps going which all real stories do. I was director of the College of Storytellers for about 10 years which was an organisation designed to be temporary to kickstart the story-telling tradition again in this country. I learnt an awful lot about stories and how important they are and the moment we got language when we were in te caves the first thing we were doing was telling stories to each other. And I learnt as a psychotherapist how stories are diagnostic and also therapeutic. I teach workshops all over Britain and outside called ‘How to tell stories that heal,' for psychotherapists and social services people – police doctors ad all sorts of people like that. If a story contains a pattern which overrides a less adaptive pattern in the brain and you tell it in the right way you can actually influence somebody and affect them for the better without invading their privacies. It is quite astonishing.
And of course now that you have asked me the question I can see that King Kong was this extraordinary story and it was a healing story. Look what it did for our society, amazing. It brought us together in a non-political way for the first time publically. It is the most powerful story. In this new production nearly 60 years later you will see how powerful it is – it goes on and on.”
I have written a few songs. I wrote with Stanley Meyers and we were going to do a musical together about the Suffragettes but it didn't work.
It is in your mind that this is how it should be. We couldn't work together very much because of apartheid. The melodies were tape recorded and then I would drive around in the car trying words out and singing the. It was really the words for me were there to reflect something about the story. Back of the moon was reflected how in this really difficult society you could let go and enjoy yourselves. By day you were called ‘boys,' what white people called black people in those days and by night, “Make a noise boys and be a man.” That was the thought. It is yours.
And the death song as well I was thinking what it would be like being there if you had lived this life and then I thought this would be your destiny and everything would have shrink away leaving you with the strongest thing which is 'I have been true to myself.”
We had a rapport very easily. I loved his music – who wouldn't – it is fantastic. But we didn't discuss the lyrics at al. I would always go away and write what was in mind and he would say, “Yes Patty that is great.” We were very harmonious and close. Even though he was such a marvellous writer he just left the lyrics for me to do and I would bring them back to him.
Anything that had anything to do with it has never forgotten it. It is just a very strong part of one's experience. Not everybody will have the chance to have an experience as groundbreaking and strong and informative as that in a group of such strong people. Apart from the creative people and these fantastic musicians, there were all the enablers. It was a glorious time for music in the townships.
Eric Abraham the producer who is the lynchpin of the new production. And then Irene and Clive Menell – they made the whole thing possible. Eddie Joseph another business man who raised the money for it and was very helpful in many ways. Robert Loder who worked for Anglo-Vaal – he too played an enormous part. There we disparate sorts of people as well as the creative team – the musicians, actors and dancers. It was huge and involved an awful lot of people.
My life took me here to London. My parents and maternal grandparents were British. And I have friends here and I came here young enough to establish a life. My husband is British. It is too late to come back to SA now as much as I would love to. When I come to South Africa, the soil, the earth, the smell of the air, the land, the sound of the language the accents and the site of all these marvellous people grab at me and claim me immediately. South Africa is my first love and always in my heart.
I didn't even know that the show was coming to London. I didn't know what had happened to it and it was just by accident that I was talking to someone and found out that the show was on its way. I had hoped that it would because as Todd and I thought we might make 60 quid out of it each. I really didn't know.
I am toying with the idea of dong another memoire called the rest of it, all the bits that didn't go into it. If I do then those travels will form part of it. I was taking in different experiences the whole time looking after myself and seeing new things and making new friends and contacts and having all sorts of adventures. I was so busy with the experience I didn't have time to soul search but I was being effected all the time.Jonathan Mumby the director is brilliant. I know his track record and what he is capable of, so I know he will have done in the Fugard will suit the Fugard. He is a brilliant and subtle director and probably everyone is having a wail of a time working with him.
King Kong – Our knot of time and music
“Seeing ordinary life in South Africa safely enacted for the very first time in song and dance … joined ordinary people together in friendship and celebration.”
“Most people who had seen the JHB production were a little disappointed by the London one and the noticeable watering down of the music.”
“London reviewers felt that the political edge they were hoping for was lacking. Having lived in a free society, they understand that King Kong's very existence was a political statement in itself.”
“In the very month that KK opened in London, that anticipation was reinforced by the British PM Harold Macmillan, in his famous ‘wind of change' speech, in which he said that Britain could not support SA's racial policies.”
“He also told me of a different kind of friendship, created through the unbreakable bonds of tribal initiation.”
“I vaguely wondered whether the King Kong experience we were all sharing was in its own less gruelling way also an initiation of sorts.”
“Music poured from him tumbling out of him like water.”
“Perhaps our more edgy perception of the story and its music wasn't yet saleable.”
“We felt ignored, our work thoughtlessly and peremptorily brushed aside.” “Over the years Todd would repeatedly speak resentfully of the heavy white hand that had descended on his music.”
“Lost control of the content.”
“That's show business.”
“We wanted a large proportion of the profits to go to the African Medical Student's Trust Fund.”
“The material that was beginning to come out of the townships was energetic, immediate, vibrant and uninhibited.”
“He virtually ordered the judge to sentence him to death.”, which, when facing its death, finally finds its voice and sings its heart out. King Kong's speech to the judge was his swan song.”
“His story had echoes of the legend of the swan.”
“Trevor Huddleston fostered and nurtured the exceptional musical talent pulsing through his students at St Peters School from which the Huddleston Jazz Band was born. Huddleston's farewell concert held at the Bantu Men's Social Centre raised enough money to form the Union of South African Artists and rent premises at Dorkay House, a former textile factory on Eloff Street.”
“At Dorkay House Ian began a programme to find, train and present African musical performers to white audiences. And by the time casting for King Kong begun, the majority of performers would come from Dorkay House.”
“The Spoilers, Alexandra township's most feared and vicious gangsters and killers, heard that part of the story we were telling onstage was modelled on them, and decided to stop us.”
“Members of our cast were carrying the heavy baggage of risk and humiliation and hardship on top of their daily work and time consuming nightly rehearsals.”
“When Miriam's mother who had never been to the theatre before, saw her daughter being strangled on stage, she let out a horrified cry, and her frantic screams of “My child, my child.”
“Come Back Africa remains entwined in my mind with King Kong, because it too drew its energy from the extraordinary high octane and sadly short-lived optimism of the times.”
“I arrived in London with a heavy heart, high hopes of a new start, and virtually no money.”
“Audience dancing in the streets outside, imitating the moves of the kwela or patha-patha. It was the first time anyone could remember any London audience dancing in the streets.”
“Interesting irony that Ezekiel Dhlamini, who could never fulfil his dream of coming to London, was enabling our cast, players and musicians to live out that which had been utterly beyond his reach.”
“Lionel Rogosin had financed and backed Bloke's escape from SA and his transition period in London, where he wrote Blame Me on History.”
“District 6 brimmed with the ‘more' that results when people of different backgrounds of race and culture mix and nourish each other.”
“Like paper riding in the breeze …
“The miracle of King Kong – it was a compound of the time, the place, and a group of people representing the best of SA culture and talent.
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