Winnie Mandela Image by Peter Magubane

Nelson Mandela

"In the life of any individual, family, community or society, memory is of fundamental importance." - Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 into the royal family of the Thembu, of the Xhosa of the Eastern Cape. His Xhosa name, Rolihlahla, has the colloquial meaning "trouble-maker". He received his English name, at Healdtown, a British colonial boarding school.
Mandela went to Fort Hare University to do a Bachelors degree. He was expelled in 1940 for leading a Student Representative Council strike with Oliver Tambo. Nelson Mandela ran away to Johannesburg. In 1944, He, Walter Sisulu and Oliver Tambo amongst others formed the A.N.C. Youth League.
He completed his law degree through the University of the Witwatersrand, and with Tambo set up a law firm. He went abroad for military training, and on his return formed the A.N.C.'s military wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe (meaning spear of the nation). In 1962 Mandela was arrested for treason and sentenced to five years in prison. In 1964 Nelson Mandela was convicted of sabotage and treason and sentenced to life imprisonment on Robben Island.
Nelson Mandela was released on 11 February 1990. He was inaugurated as the first democratically elected State President of South Africa from May 1994 until June 1999.

“I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is anideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.” Nelson Mandela.

Nelson Mandela Image by Graham Michael Lesch

Shadows of Justice

Find these stories and others in Shadows of Justice, a history from the other side and a real perspective on the liberation struggle for South Africa's peaceful transformation.